Been a while since I had to install LAM Pro and now that I have the new version, I ran into a couple of issues. First there is SELinux, which has saved my butt a couple of times, so I work to always have it enabled. I cringe whenever I see the first step in someone’s howto is to disable it. Its complicated and I do not profess to be anywhere near an expert in it, but I get by. Second is to secure the install, and while SELinux helps in that regard, there are still steps to take.
LAM Pro is the paid version of LAM, LDAP Account Manager. Starting with a fresh install of CentOS 6.4, I downloaded the LAM Pro source and use its install script:
# ./configure --with-httpd-user=apache \ --with-httpd-group=apache \ --with-web-root=/var/www/html/lam # make install
By default it will install everything into /usr/local/lam and use httpd as user/group name. Here I fix that to use the CentOS default of apache as user/group. Also it’s recommend to separate the web interface from the more sensitive parts, like the config files and session information.
If you were to start up a browser to load up LAM, even with SELinux disabled, there is the issue of writing config files. They are stored in /usr/local/lam/etc, where the web server doesn’t have permission. Also there is the session and tmp directory in var it uses to cache data from ldap. So use chmod to fix that:
# chmod -R apache:apache /usr/local/lam/etc # chmod -R apache:apache /usr/local/lam/var/sess # chmod -R apache:apache /usr/local/lam/var/tmp
But with SELinux enabled, apache still doesn’t have permissions to write outside of its own root directory. We need to tell the system the right context to use to allow apache access.
# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t "/usr/local/lam/var(/.*)?" # semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t "/usr/local/lam/etc(/.*)?"
Next is to apply these settings to the files themselves:
# restorecon -R /usr/local/lam/var # restorecon -R /usr/local/lam/etc
Now apache can run LAM with SELinux enable and not run into any issues.
The next part is to secure the installation. LAM comes with htaccess files ready to use to protect the config files and other sensitive files. Its my preference and you can do it differently, but I start with creating /etc/httpd/conf.d/lam.conf to hold these directives.
<Directory /var/www/html/lam> AllowOverride All </Directory>
Now you could just change the server wide setting in httpd.conf, but I like to follow the principle of least privilege.
Next would be to set it up to use SSL to keep prying eyes from grabbing your passwords and user information, but that’s a whole other topic.